Climate change alters the habitat of wild animals

Qura Laana tending to her camels in the Chalbi Desert in North Horr, Marsabit. [Denish Ochieng, Standard]

The migration of over 1.2 million wildebeest between the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem, through the crocodile infested Mara River, is one of the world’s greatest wonders. The wildebeest covers approximately 800 km to 1000 km during its individual journey along centuries-old migratory routes.

Unaware of the lurking danger, this incredible phenomenal is propelled by external factors beyond their control. Weather changes are the main factor.

Grazers move in search of grass that is high in protein and calcium for their calves, from the Serengeti to the Masai Mara, and vice versa. This movement is influenced by the availability of grass, which depends on the rainfall regime.

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The state of the atmosphere (hot or cold) on a daily basis contributes to the climate of this region over a given period. Changes in climate patterns have reduced habitat availability. Man, a contributor to climate change, has ignored the call to act in his best behavior by practicing what preserves the environment. Climate change has a big impact on animal life. They include metabolic disorders that can increase breathing problems and decrease their eating habits. Another is immune suppression, thus making some animals vulnerable to disease.

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) focuses on climate change and biodiversity as one of its thematic areas. The institution estimates that 80% of the ecological processes that form the basis of life on Earth are impacted by climate change, and that 37% of the mitigation needed by 2030 to achieve the Paris 2 ° C target may be brought by nature. -based solutions.

He also adds that 25 percent of the carbon in the world’s tropical forests is managed by indigenous peoples and local communities. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species shows that the polar bear is the animal most affected by climate change, since its entire life revolves around the Arctic.

There is therefore an urgent need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, make greater use of green energy sources, adapt sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) and achieve 10 percent tree cover in the world. Kenya. We must also redouble our efforts to reduce marine pollution and promote human-animal coexistence.

-Company manager at Standard Group


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